Careers in music production vary according to your creativity, education and training, hands-on experience, spirit of entrepreneurship, and connections.
Professional experience outside the classroom is essential for finding a job or creating your own studio. Most college programs in production-related fields provide hands-on training at campus and local area recording studios along with internships at large and small music and music tech companies. This is essential for anyone wanting to work in this field.
“Professional work within the safety net of college helps students build a professional track record,” says Dan Godfrey, chair of Northeastern University’s Department of Music. It helps “fine-tune students’ chosen paths before their first foray into the profession.” Northeastern students are set up with one to three co-op experiences lasting six months each to provide extensive hands-on experience.
Beyond the technical and musical skills, career success “also requires strong networking skills, tireless efforts to make yourself known to others in the field, being persistent without being annoying, and finding creative ways of solving problems facing others who can become your employer or client,” says Scott Metcalfe, Director of Recording Arts and Sciences at Peabody Conservatory of The Johns Hopkins University. “Most recording engineers have freelance careers that require strong communication and organization skills.”
Metcalfe says students with strong math and science knowledge – especially in physics – find “a wider range of employment opportunities in settings that are more conventional (i.e., full time with benefits). For example: careers in electroacoustics (engineering loudspeakers, headphones and microphones), audiovisual system design (collaborating with architects on the audiovisual and information technology needs of a new construction or renovation project), acoustical engineering consultants, etc.”
Options for Careers in Music Production
A background in music production with business and entrepreneurship skills prepares graduates to create their own production studios.
Others find work:
• at existing studios
• with companies such as YouTube, Avid, Adobe, Apple
• in live performance and multimedia
• touring with musicians
• running music festivals
• working in audiovisual and headphone/microphone design
• as educators
Jobs are also available as:
• acoustic installation engineers
• audio engineers for video
• audio gaming engineers
• audio multimedia specialists
• audiovisual consultants
• front-end/back-end developers
• instructional designers
• master engineers
• multimedia educators and specialists
• stage technicians
• studio managers
• sound effects creators (Foley artists)
We’d like to introduce students and recent alumni who share their best tips for current and future music production majors.
Claire Margaret Wilkins, studio manager
Area of emphasis in college: Recording and production
Music background: Played and performed flute in middle school, high school and college. Also attended a summer study abroad program in Ireland focusing on traditional Irish music.
Current work: Studio manager at Georgetown Masters Audio, LLC in Nashville, TN.
Previous: Internship at Starstruck Studios and Modern Works Music Publishing. Temporary position at KPentertainment.
What I wish I’d known or done differently: In addition to the required final internship for my degree, I wish I had done at least one other summer internship while in school. A lot of my peers gained invaluable experiences at summer internships that helped them narrow down what they wanted to do after graduating.
In addition to the challenging coursework of my program, I also wish I had been more active in the non-music art scene and been involved with projects that collaborated with different departments.
Suggestions for future music production majors: Be as active as you can in the existing arts communities in your hometowns or surrounding areas. Begin to learn how to be a part of a creative community as well as how to communicate with a creative community.
Claire Margaret Wilkins, ’14,
Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music, BS, Music Industry Studies
Matthew Weiner, acoustical and audiovisual consultant
Area of emphasis: Acoustics
Music background: Studied guitar from 6th grade through college. Minored in music as an undergrad.
Current work: Acoustical and audiovisual consultant, SM&W (Shem Milsom & Wilke)
Previous: Live sound events. Instructor at an audio engineering school.
Suggestions for future music production majors: Consider diversifying your studies.
Matthew Weiner, ’17,
Peabody Institute Recording Arts and Sciences, MA, Audio Sciences
Michael Lekrone, concert recording manager, staff recording engineer
Areas of emphasis: Recording and production
Music background: Trumpeter in high school marching band, concert band, jazz band, church bands, and some private gigs. Self-taught in guitar and percussion.
Current work: Several pro audio positions. Concert recording manager and a staff recording engineer for Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music. Stage technician at the Schaefer Center for the Performing Arts – live audio, lighting, stage load-in and load-out, and artist relations. FOH engineer for Cornerstone Summit Church – live sound, recording, and livestream video. Freelance engineer and independent audio contractor. Regularly hired by DJ Hamilton Productions to run sound in a local bar and around town.
Suggestions for future music production majors: Read as much as you can about music production. You won’t retain all the information, but every little bit helps. And, if it is something you are really interested in, you will grow to enjoy the research more and more.
• Listen to as much music as possible. Consider the reasons why you like a particular song, or why you don’t like it. Go to live shows and listen to how a song sounds versus how it sounds on a record. Technical aspects of a piece of gear are easy to teach, but an appreciation for what sounds good on a recording is much harder to teach. Listening to as much music as possible will begin to hone your ear for what your desired product is.
• Never turn down an opportunity to learn or gain experience. There are many ways to learn other than just sitting in a classroom. Those who seek out those learning opportunities will go further in reaching their goals. You never know who will drop an opportunity in your lap that will be a stepping stone to something bigger and better in the future.
Michael Lekrone, ’18,
Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music, BS, Music Industry Studies
Elysia Smith, entertainment management, production; event planning
Area of emphasis: Entertainment management and production. Event planning.
Music background: Classical voice and piano
Current work: Projects in entertainment management, production, and event planning.
Suggestions for future music production majors: Find the college that targets your interests. Even if it’s a great school with a great reputation, if they don’t specialize in what you want to do, it won’t be the right school for you.
Pursing music or any of the arts as a career field is rarely a 9-5 day job with cushy benefits. However, the work that we do, in whatever special interest we choose to pursue, is so very rewarding because it reflects our hearts and our passions.
Elysia Smith, ’17,
University of Colorado Denver, Music Business and Recording Arts
Drew Vandenberg, studio engineer, producer
Area of emphasis: Studio and live recording
Music background: Piano for 8 years, drums, electric bass in high school through college.
Current work: Producer and studio engineer. Live and mobile recording in “odd places.”
Suggestions for future music production majors: Don’t worry about how primitive your first recording setup may be. Learn everything you possibly can from that setup before you move on to something bigger.
Seek out opportunities to shadow people who know more than you. Learn from them. You’d be surprised how much you learn just by being there and helping out. That, along with practicing on your own and doing as much reading and listening as possible, will lead to a very well-rounded foundation for whatever your passion is.
Drew Vandenberg, ’08,
Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, BS, Recording Arts
Nikki Grande, concert recording staff, administrative director
Area of emphasis: Duel concentration in recording and production and marketing and promotion
Music background: Guitarist; high school jazz band and pit orchestra; singer/songwriter.
Current work: Concert recording staff for Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music. Administrative director for the annual Appalachian Guitar Festival and Competition.
Suggestions for future music production majors: Get involved in as much as possible! The more you put yourself out there, the more opportunities you will have to be a part of something really cool that you might love. You never know who you will meet who will have a useful connection down the line.
Don’t underestimate yourself or feel too intimidated. Everyone in school is there to learn, so put yourself out there! (It’s helpful to have) a background in music theory and performance when working to produce bands.
Nikki Grande, ’18,
Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music, BS, Music Industry Studies, minor in General Business
Peter Leonard, sound engineer
Area of emphasis: Post-production
Music background: Studied alto saxophone for 15 years, electric bass for 11 years.
Current work: Podcast engineer and studio manager at Vox Media (Vox.com, The Verge, SB Nation, Eater, Racked, Curbed, Recode, Polygon). Freelance production work. Bassplayer in Sunbathers, a DC/Baltimore-based pop group.
Masters degree candidate in Audio Technology at American University. Focus: audio algorithms and computer music, computer programming.
Previous: Worked at SiriusXM as part-time board operator for their talk radio division (October, 2015 – January, 2017). Recorded, edited, and mixed album for Latitude 49, a mixed chamber ensemble.
What I wish I’d known or done differently: I wish that I had tried and failed at more things. You’ll never really get the opportunity to fail and not have to pay enormous consequences anywhere other than college. You will have the greatest number of resources, facilities, and people willing to collaborate and help you while you’re in college.
Suggestions for future music production majors:
• DON’T pursue any other area of study just for the sake of having a safety net. Unless you KNOW that you REALLY want to, I’d advise against double majoring. Stick with what makes you happy and what you love.
• DON’T get discouraged when, inevitably, out of college you have to work at that part-time job that doesn’t really pertain to your degree or that you don’t really like. The chance of getting to do exactly what you want, and especially right away, is extremely slim. Keep on! It takes a really long time to align all the details that will pave the way to the next thing. To that end, it’s all about the people you surround yourself with and how good you are to them, because they will remember you later.
• Along the way, if your convictions change (and they probably will!), it’s ok! Discovering that the specific place in the music industry that you sold yourself on in college isn’t actually for you may be a difficult realization at first, but on the whole, it’s a positive thing, and it’ll lead you to somewhere else in music that WILL make you happy.
Peter Leonard, ’15,
University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre and Dance, BS, Sound Engineering
Joey Diehl, employed by Special Event Services
Area of emphasis or interest: Recording and production
Music background: Guitarist. Played in bar bands in high school, toured in smaller bands during college. Recorded own albums and friends’ albums.
Current work: Special Event Services, a concert production company.
Previous: Worked with and toured with many mainstream artists including the Avett Brothers, Lynard Skynard, Darius Rucker, Il Divo, Lee Brice.
Suggestions for future music production majors: My own personal basic rules of success have helped me succeed in every place I’ve been in:
• Don’t talk out of your ass, don’t lie about anything, and just be nice in general.
• Apart from those three rules, just be hungry and be prepared for competition. As long as you remember that luck is just preparation meeting opportunity, you’ll be fine.
• If fast-paced is something you crave, then the live (sound) world is somewhere you need to be.
Joey Diehl, ’15,
Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music, BS, Music Industry Studies
Emma Azelborn, DSP engineer
Area of emphasis: Digital Signal Processing, audio plugin development
Music background: Vocalist, pianist, composer; member of U of Michigan Chamber Choir.
Current work: DSP engineer at Goodhertz, Inc., an audio plugin company that focuses on unique sounds with intuitive interfaces
Previous: Summer internship at Goodhertz
What I wish I’d known or done differently: I wish I had been less worried about attending things by myself in my earlier college years. Lately I’ve been going to whatever interests me, even when none of my friends are available or interested, and it has been really wonderful.
Suggestions for future music production majors: Google everything. There is so much information available online, and all you really need to get started is a computer with some sort of DAW (digital audio workstation).
Emma Azelborn, ’17,
University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance, BS, Computer Science and Sound Engineering
The following participating schools on MajoringInMusic.com offer majors and minors in music production-related areas:
Appalachian State University Hayes School of Music – Music Industry Studies (recording arts, music technology)
Azusa Pacific University School of Music – Commercial Music (audio recording)
Belmont University School of Music – Commercial Music (music technology emphasis; see Curb College of Entertainment & Music Business for audio engineering program.)
Berklee College of Music – Music Production and Engineering; also Electronic Production and Design
CalArts Herb Alpert School of Music – Music Technology: Interaction, Intelligence & Design (MTIID) Programs (sound design and synthesis, web/multimedia design, audio electronics, immersive environment design, recording, software development and interactive audio)
Carnegie Mellon University School of Music – Music and Technology (recording technology, audio engineering, computer music)
DePaul University School of Music – Sound Recording Technology (audio industry: recording, sound for video, music production, multimedia, acoustics)
Florida State University College of Music – Commercial Music (recording, mixing, mastering with a business minor)
Frost School of Music at the University of Miami – Digital Arts and Sound Design or Music Engineering Technology (both are master’s only)
The Hartt School – Music Production & Technology (recording, mixing, and mastering engineers)
Indiana University Jacobs School of Music – Audio Engineering & Sound Production (recording, post production, live sound, IT audio, technical support)
Ithaca College – Sound Recording Technology (recording, mixing)
Leeds College of Music – BA (Hons) Music Production (production classes also offered in curricula for majors in Jazz, Popular, and Classical)
Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts – Sound Technology (recorded sound, live sound, post-production)
Loyola University New Orleans College of Music + Fine Arts – Music Industry Studies (BM and BS programs, minor)
Mary Pappert School of Music at Duquesne University – (Bachelor of Music in Music Technology: Sound Recording Technology Track)
Mason Gross School of the Arts at Rutgers – Minor in Technology or Certificate in Recording Arts
Minnesota State University School of Entertainment Industries and Technology (audio technology emphasis)
Northeastern University Department of Music – Music Industry (major or minor, recording industry focus); Music Technology (can add Computer Science or Physics); or Recording minor
Northwestern University Bienen School of Music – Composition and Music Technology (for composers; may be combined with Music Technology minor)
Oberlin Conservatory of Music – Technology in Music & Related Arts – TIMARA (technology applications for composition, new media and performance)
Occidental College Department of Music – Music Production concentration
Peabody Conservatory of the Johns Hopkins University – Recording Arts & Sciences double degree program (BM in Music + audio engineering; also MA in Audio Sciences)
Penn State School of Music – Minor in Music Technology (musical acoustics, digital audio, sound design, audio recording)
San Francisco Conservatory – Technology and Applied Composition or TAC (composition with scoring and sound design for film, games, and new media; also offered as 1-yr. Professional Studies Diploma )
Syracuse University Setnor School of Music – Sound Recording Technology (audio engineering – record, produce, mix, master)
Temple University Boyer College of Music – Music Studies: Music Technology (music and recording technology)
U. of Alabama Birmingham Department of Music – Music Technology (computer applications for creating, presenting, recording music; also a Minor in Music Technology)
U. of Colorado-Boulder College of Music – Bachelor of Arts-Music with Emphasis in Music Technology & Media Studies
U. of Colorado-Denver Music & Entertainment Industry Studies or MEIS – Recording Arts (audition and non-audition tracks in audio production)
U. of Denver Lamont School of Music – Recording and Production (performance area + engineering, production)
U. of Memphis Rudi E. Schmidt School of Music – Music Industry: Recording Technology (production, engineering, sound design)
U. of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance – Sound Engineering, Music and Technology, or Performing Arts Technology (audio engineering, sound recording, production, electronic music composition, performance systems, sound synthesis, music psychology, digital fabrication)
U. of South Carolina School of Music – Performance, with a Concentration in Technology or Recording Technology Studies minor (audio recording, computer composition, digital technology, multimedia production)
U. of Southern California Thornton School of Music – Music Technology (music production, live performance, multimedia – creative, technical & business aspects)
U. of the Pacific Conservatory of Music – Music Industry Studies (recording, media production)
U. of Toronto – Music Technology and Digital Media (master’s degree, music technology with performance and/or composition)